Operating safety level of units with piston compressors is determined by reliability of their technical condition monitoring, timeliness and accuracy of malfunctions and their causes detection. Nowadays there are numerous technical tools designed for piston compressors monitoring and diagnostics, which are developed and manufactured in different countries by various companies. However, it remains a pending issue if the measurements are adequate to the actual technical condition of piston compressors and to the risk magnitude of their safe operation. Although there is a document that defines the general requirements for critical industrial facilities monitoring systems, nevertheless even experts find it rather difficult to sort out the advertised systems capabilities. In this connection there is an urgent necessity to systematize the condition diagnosing and monitoring methods and means for piston compressors.
Almost all monitoring and diagnostic systems are characterized by:
- determination methodology for technical condition of piston compressors units and components is based on measurement of direct structural and technological parameters (relative displacement, pressure, temperature) and implements an online technology;
- expert systems use the values of direct structural and technological parameters;
- parameters of indirect processes (vibroacoustic oscillations) are used to assess these parameters values without a diagnosis-making and detection of malfunctions and defects causes.
In the equipment vibration analysis system COMPACS® the methodology for real-time monitoring and diagnostics is based not only on the measurement of direct structural and technological parameters, but on the use of vibroacoustic oscillation parameters as well, there have been implemented algorithms of the expert decision support system with an autodetection (in the rate of diagnostic signals measurement) of more than 20 units malfunctions and defects and the degree of their danger.
Naumenko A.P. Analysis of modern methods and means of piston compressors condition monitoring and diagnostics // Nauka, obrazovanie, biznes (Science, education, business). - 2009. - pp. 107-115
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